Mary O'Hearn Broderick Lennon - page 2
and Mary's daughter Bridget was born in Indiana. Bridget was probably named after Mary's twin sister and her mother. Indiana was a frequent layover spot for the westerly migrating immigrants. We don't know how long they stayed in any location or who travelled with them, but we believe it is likely that they worked along the way to earn money to purchase land.

A large number of Irish families settled from about 1855 on in the community of southwestern Wisconsin known as Rising Sun. Rising Sun is the highest elevation in Crawford County, Wisconsin and sits just south of, but almost on, the Crawford/Vernon county line in township of Utica.

Among those Irish settlers were James and John O'Hearn and Thomas Broderick, as evidenced by the baptismal records of their children, land purchase records for Wisconsin, the St. James Parish membership records, and the 1860 U.S. census records for Crawford and Bad Ax counties.

Before the Catholic parish of St. James in Rising Sun was formed in 1859, the missionary priest Lucien Galtier, who was stationed at St. Gabrel's in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, ministered to the needs of the Catholics in the area on periodic visits. St. Gabriel's holds the baptismal records for Thomas and Mary O'Hearn Broderick's daughters Mary (1856) and Ann (1859). Records beyond 1859 seem to be unavailable.

According to both the 1900 and the 1910 federal censuses, Mary O'Hearn Broderick Lennon had 11 children in all, only four of whom were still living in 1900. She may have had other children en route to Wisconsin or in between the other children that are known to have been born near Rising Sun. Because of the absence of later St. James records, four of the eleven children remain unaccounted for.

Bad Ax county, where the Broderick farm was located, was created from Crawford and Richland counties in 1851. In either 1862 or 1865, depending on the source, the name was changed to Vernon County. Thomas Broderick purchased 120 acres of land in Bad Ax or Vernon county in 1858 and acquired another 40 acres in 1862. Since this land was very steep and rugged and had to be cleared of timber and rocks to plant crops, we can only imagine how hard this family worked to make their new home.

In the census records it appears that Mary's brothers, James and John, were close by, if not on adjoining property, and we can be reasonably sure that they all worked together to help each other with all that needed to be done. When we consider the miles covered by these early settlers on their way to Wisconsin, John and Bridget Hogan in Chippewa Falls were not so very far away from Mary O'Hearn Broderick's family. Although they may not have gotten together often, they were certainly capable of visiting each other if they so desired. Both women could read and write, so it is possible that they exchanged letters.

At right, Father Lucien Galtier