Family History, p.2
There was another listing for Denis Kearney in the nearby townland of Kilbeg, and two marriages for Denis Kearney were recorded in Clogheen Parish in 1834 (to Mary Longergan)  and 1835 (to Margaret Kennedy). We have a remarkable letter from the brother of the Denis who married Margaret Kennedy, which was provided to us by one of Denis's descendents. It gives a good account of some aspects of life on the voyage our ancestors made across the Atlantic, and the dangers they faced when they got here.

Also living near Johannah in Scart East at #6 was Thomas Sheehy, who rented a house and some land from Daniel Moran. The Hanrahan branch has an oral tradition of their ancestor Mary Rose being raised by an aunt and uncle named Sheehy, so there may be some connection with this Thomas.

A Judith Hogan lived at #8d in Scart East and rented a house and garden from William Pigott. The other occupiers of #8 were Jeremiah and Thomas Coughlin. This Judith may be the same one who was renting 16 acres of land in Rearoe from Viscount Lismore. She may have been a sister-in-law of our Patrick Hogan and may also be the Judith Hogan who died on Robert Street in Mitchelstown, County Cork (which borders Clogheen Union at Ballyporeen), on February 20, 1867. She was 70 and a labourer's widow.

Her daughter, Bridget, born 1844 in Clogheen, married Cornelius Myers in 1863 and emigrated to Woolwich, England where she died in 1898. We have
photos of Bridget, two of her sons, and three of her grandsons that were graciously provided by one of her great-grandchildren in Auckland, New Zealand. This great-grandson may well be a fourth cousin to many of us.

We know of a brother and sister in Clogheen Parish whose mother was a Hogan from the house at Hogan's Cross, now known as Shanrahan Cross. Shanrahan Cross was an intersection in the townland of Shanrahan which is south of Scart East. We hope to meet these folks soon.

Here are all the heads of household listed for Scart East in Clogheen Parish: William Quirk; Michael Caples; Catherine Gorman; Daniel Moran; James Donohoe; Martin Riordan; John Cleary; Edmond Hyland; Peter Starkey; Ellen Brien; John Tierney; Ellen Dunphy; Denis Kearney; Patrick Callaghan; Edmond Beston; Johannah Hogan; Thomas Sheehy; James Flaherty; Michael Hunt; Jeremiah Coghlan; Thomas Coghlan; Judith Hogan; Thomas Moran; William Farrell; James Flaherty; and Pierce Walsh.

Altogether, in 1851 there were 26 households on the 176 acres of land that is Scart East. This is not much more than the 160 acres that three of Johannah Hogan's children (John, Johanna, and Mary Rose) each acquired when they relocated to Chippewa County, Wisconsin.

The nearby townland of Scart West, with 192 acres, was occupied by only three people: Viscount Lismore, the landlord also known as Cornelius O'Callaghan; and Lismore's two tenants, Patrick Connell and Michael Mahony.

During the 1700s, the English enacted penal laws which prohibited Catholics from owning land, gaining an education, owning horses or guns, or practicing professions. Lismore, who lived from 1775 to 1857, came from an Irish family that renounced Catholicism and converted to the Protestant religion in the 1700s. Because of that, they were able to acquire land in Ireland. The last Viscount Lismore, George O'Callaghan, is buried in a mausoleum in Shanrahan Cemetery in Clogheen along with some of his family members.

Lismore built
Shanbally Castle as his residence in 1810, but the structure was unfortunately torn down in 1960 because of a bad roof and poor decision-making by the Irish government. Lismore is remembered for lowering rents during the famine years and setting up a soup kitchen outside the gates of his castle. The remains of the walls of this castle, shown at the left, are only a few tenths of a mile from the field where Johannah Hogan's house once stood.

Either together or separately, Johannah and at least six of her children immigrated to the United States in the late 1840s or early 50s and eventually settled in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin and the surrounding county. Hannah, Michael, John, and Mary Rose were young adults by then, but Margaret and Johanna may have been younger. Her daughter Ellen married Edmond Casey in Clogheen in 1840 and had three children there: Mary, born 1841; William, born 1843; and Michael, born 1846. We don't know whether she emigrated or, if she did, to what country. Edmond Casey appears to have lived in the townland of Doon in the southern part of Clogheen Parish.

Although it is not unreasonable to assume that the 'famine' was at least a contributing factor in their decision to emigrate, Michael didn't include it in his
reasons for going; rather, he said he left because of the death of his father Patrick and the dissipation of the family estate by a trustee. His statements suggest that the Hogan family was not starving or penniless like so many famine immigrants, but instead had farmed or run small businesses successfully in Ireland; this is supported by the recollections of a Powers descendent who grew up with the impression that our ancestors were ambitious individuals who viewed their immigration to America as a great opportunity. This descendent recalls older family members saying that the immigrant generation of our family did not identify with the starving Irish poor and considered themselves part of a different social class.

A
Michael Hogan who may have been some relation to this family but was not one of Patrick and Johannah's sons also immigrated to America around this time and

                                                     
CONTINUED
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The field where Johannah's house may have stood
Continuation of Johannah's field
The ruins of Shanbally Castle wall at the western end of Johannah's road
The River Tar at the eastern end of Johannah's road, a half mile or so from her house